June 28, 2022

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Watch the final pre-launch test of the Artemis lunar rocket

Watch the final pre-launch test of the Artemis lunar rocket

The fourth attempt of the final pre-launch test began on Saturday, and refueling of the rocket is expected to begin on Monday morning.

The critical test, known as wet wear training, simulates each stage of the launch without the rocket leaving the launch pad at the Kennedy Space Center in Florida.

This process includes loading ultra-cooled propellants, performing a complete countdown simulating a launch, resetting the countdown clock, and draining the missile tanks.

The results of training in wet clothes will determine when Artemis I will embark on a mission beyond the moon and back to Earth. This mission will launch NASA’s Artemis program, which is expected to return humans to the moon and land the first woman and first people of color on the moon by 2025.

Three previous attempts at rehearsal in April were unsuccessful, and ended before the missile could be fully loaded with fuel due to various leaks. NASA says these errors have since been corrected.

The NASA team rolls a 322-foot (98 m) stack of Artemis I rockets, including the Space Launch System and Orion spacecraft, to the launch pad at Kennedy Space Center in Florida on June 6.

Wet Rehearsal: What to Expect

The rehearsal began at 5 p.m. ET on Saturday with a “Call to Stations” — when all teams associated with the mission arrive at their consoles and report that they are ready to begin testing and a two-day countdown begins.

Preparations over the weekend will see the Artemis team begin loading propellants into the rocket’s core and upper stages.

There is currently a live view of the missile in operation NASA websitewith intermittent comment.

The tanks were suspended Monday morning due to an identified problem with the backup supply of gaseous nitrogen. The launch team replaced the valve that was causing the problem. In order to ensure that the backup supply works as expected, it has been replaced as the primary supply for today’s test.

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The comment was lifted at 9:28 a.m. ET. Liquid oxygen, cooled to minus 297 degrees Fahrenheit (minus 182 degrees Celsius), and liquid hydrogen were used to fill the core stage before moving to the upper stage of the rocket. The vent was visible from the missile throughout the operation.

The base stage was mostly filled and the team was filling the upper stage when several issues occurred after 2pm ET.

The team discovered a hydrogen leak in a rapid core-stage separation and are exploring it. They stopped filling the upper stage with liquid oxygen after bypassing pressure measurements. The pressure will be reduced so that liquid oxygen can be loaded.

And something of a luminous stack, where excess liquid hydrogen from the rocket we’re burning with a propane flame, has caused a small fire in the grass toward a dirt road. The team monitors grass fires and doesn’t expect it to become a problem because it will likely put out the fire when it reaches the dirt road.

Countdown

A two-hour testing window will begin later, with Artemis aiming for the first countdown at 4:38 p.m. ET. due to tank delay.

First, team members It will count down to 33 seconds before launch, then stop the cycle. The clock will be reset; Then the countdown will resume again and last until about 10 seconds before the launch occurs.

According to an update on the NASA website, “During testing, the team may maintain the countdown as necessary to check conditions before resuming the countdown, or extend beyond the test window, if necessary and resources permit.”

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Previous attempts at wet-weather training have already completed many goals to prepare the rocket for launch, Charlie Blackwell-Thompson, Artemis launch manager for NASA’s Earth Exploration Systems Program, said during a press conference Wednesday.

“Hopefully we can finish it this time and finish the cryogenic loadings along with the final count,” she said. “Our team is ready to go, and we look forward to returning to this test.”

The mission team is looking for potential launch windows to send Artemis I on its voyage to the moon in late summer: from August 23 to August 29, and from September 2 to September 6. and beyond.

Once the Artemis rocket group completes its rehearsal, it will return to the Space Center’s Vehicle Assembly Building to wait for launch day.

There is a long history behind the grueling testing of new systems before launch, and the Artemis team faces experiences similar to those of the Apollo and shuttle era teams, including multiple test attempts and delays.

“No one on the team abdicates the responsibility that we and our contractors have to manage and deliver, and deliver, the means that meet these flight test objectives for (Artemis I), and meet those of Artemis I,” said Jim Frey, associate director of NASA’s Exploration Systems Development Mission Directorate, During the press conference held last week.