May 27, 2022

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War in Ukraine: Experts cite the danger of tactical nuclear weapons Fantastic

Scenes of the building burning at the thermal power station came to mind again The most serious accident in the history of the nuclear industryOh From Chernobyl. At Ukraine In former Belarus, today in Belarus, there is still an exemption zone where no one can live. According to the United Nations, 50 people have died as a direct result of the disaster. Researchers have put the number of people affected and affected by radiation in the thousands. Therefore, most of the world feared that Saporizia would become a new Chernobyl.

Ukraine: Security cameras show flames at the Zaporizhia nuclear power plant after the Russian attack – Photo: Reuters

The Zaporizhia reactors are much safer than the Chernobyl reactors. According to physicist Marco Marzo, a former director of the International Atomic Energy Agency, this is like comparing a famous car to a luxury one. If the reactors in Zaporizhia are hit by conventional weapons or a plane that crashes on top of it, it will withstand the impact. But there is at least one serious risk:

“The bomber struck a sub-building that was very important to the safety of the reactor,” Marso explains.

Building without so much security.

“If there is a shortage, there will be no electricity and the central cooling systems of the nuclear reactor will stop working. Then the diesel generators come into operation. If the building is destroyed, the refrigerant in the nuclear reactor will run out. Then cause a nuclear reactor accident.

Without central cooling, temperatures up to 3,000 செல் C will melt the steel content. Chemical explosions occur, penetrating the surface and spreading radiation.

Fortunately, none of this happened in Zaporizhia. The bomber struck shortly after noon in front of a staff training building 500 meters from the reactors.

Building catches fire meters from the facilities of the largest nuclear power plant in Europe: Zaporizhia – Photo: Journal National / Breeding

Russia and the United States have 90% nuclear weapons

But The risk of nuclear power plants being attacked is not the only threat looming around the world. There is also concern about whether the invasion will take place somehow Ukraine Will eventually provoke a nuclear war.

To get an idea of ​​what will happen in this situation, it is necessary to look at the countries that have nuclear weapons. Russia and the United States control 90% of the world’s nuclear weapons: there are about 6,000 Russian nuclear weapons and 5,400 US nuclear weapons. – They are located in the United States and some other countries. The following countries: China, France, United Kingdom, Pakistan, India, Israel and North Korea.

“In total, there are currently an estimated 12,700, 13,000 nuclear weapons,” Marzo says.

Map shows nuclear weapons in each country – Photo: Fantastic

That number has now reached 70,000. Since the end of the Cold War, with the disintegration of the Soviet Union, there has been a sharp decline in the number of nuclear weapons.

However, Marco insists that the nuclear weapons of all these countries have been modernized. “So the power of destruction is almost the same,” says the physicist.

“As normal human beings, when you think of the atomic bomb, you think of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, the bombs dropped from planes,” he said. Today we have basically two types. Strategic weapons that can destroy a large metropolis. (…) and are tactical weapons, which are small weapons. They have a great death, but the power of destruction is small. So they will be used for very specific goals. “

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Tactical weapons concern, the expert says

The power of destruction is measured in kilotons: one kiloton is equal to the explosive power of a thousand tons of dynamite. For example, the Hiroshima bomb is 15 kilotons. A tactical weapon can be less than a kiloton.

In the case of war UkraineThese little weapons are just so worrying.

“For example, if Russia uses a tactical weapon in this war Ukraine, They will not destroy the city of Kiev. But they can destroy the port, they can destroy the military base. Such a tactical bomb weighs 120 kilograms, so any military truck can carry this weapon, ”Marso explains.

“Strategic weapons, big bombs of the Cold War, more political weapons should not be used. Tactical nuclear weapons are designed to be used in war, but they still emit nuclear, uranium, plutonium, and radiation,” said Harvard researcher Francesca Giovannini.

“In the first phase of the war, the Russians attacked the capital and tried to overthrow the government, but to no avail.Francesca says she does not believe the West will intervene militarily in the conflict, even if the Russians use nuclear weapons. “If they had not been involved in the regular conflict so far, they would not have been involved in the nuclear conflict.”

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