By the end of 2020, 82.4 million people in the world had been forcibly displaced from their homes as a result of harassment, conflict, violence, human rights abuses or events that severely affected public order.
According to the agency’s annual report on global trends in forced migration. HIM-HER-IT This is the highest number since the UNHCR began recording data released this Friday (18).
Today, 1% of the world’s population, or one in every 95 people in the world, is displaced. In 2010, there were 1 in 159 people.
More than half of these 82.4 million Internally displacedThat is, people within their own countries, but for some reason had to leave their homes or look for better opportunities or other regions to protect themselves.
82.4 million Forced Migrants in the World by 2020 – Photo: Wagner Magalhees / G1
Of those who left their countries, two-thirds (68%) came from just five countries, with Syrians and Venezuela continuing to top the rankings.
Countries with the highest number of displaced people by 2020 – Photo: Wagner Magalhees / G1
Most of them (73%) end up in countries close to their origin, which is why 86% of the refugees and displaced Venezuelans are in developing countries. In order not to be too far away, again The Turkey It is Colombia They end up being Syrians and Venezuelans, respectively – the most populous countries of refugees.
Countries with Largest Refugees by 2020 – Photo: Wagner Magalhees / G1
The UNHCR estimates that one million babies will be born as refugees between 2018 and 2020 (an average of 290 to 340,000 per year), and many will be able to spend their entire lives in this situation.
Syrian refugee Abdul Hameed and his grandson Odai are found outside their home in Amman, Jordan, where Odai has lived since birth – Photo: UNHCR / Lily Carlisle
By 2020, there were 21,000 (2%) asylum seekers, compared to 25,000 the previous year. However, considering that there were 1 million more requests in 2019, this would proportionally become the largest amount. By 2020, there will be 1.1 million new asylum applications in the world.
Most Asylum Seekers in 2020 – Photo: Wagner Magalhees / G1
About 3.4 million displaced people have returned to their regions or home countries, including 3.2 million internally and 251,000 refugees. This is the third lowest number in a decade, strengthening the downward trend of the previous two years.
In addition, only 34,400 refugees were displaced, a third of the previous year (107,800 thousand), a decrease of 69%.
While the full impact of the Govt-19 epidemic on immigration has yet to be quantified, data shows that the number of new arrivals of refugees and asylum seekers in some regions has fallen sharply – to about 1.5 million less than expected.
Many countries have restrained internal movement and closed their borders completely, but some have found ways to secure assistance to those seeking international protection. One example is Uganda, which has accepted thousands of refugees from the Democratic Republic of the Congo, while ensuring that corona virus prevention measures such as isolation are strictly adhered to.
Honduran family fleeing to Guatemala after being threatened by gang members. Several months after their arrival, in the midst of the Govt-19 epidemic, the house they rented with the help of UNHCR was hit by a tropical storm Etta, which forced them to move to a shelter – Photo: UNHCR / Lewis Sanchez Wolworth
The UN estimates that the epidemic could have reduced the number of migrants to about 2 million in the first half of 2020 alone.
But still, violent events and weather disasters forced many to flee their homes.
Climate change is an additional factor forcing people to relocate in already vulnerable situations, and this exacerbates the food crisis among those who have already fled conflicts and wars.
The magnitude and severity of this food crisis was exacerbated by the epidemic in 2020, which exacerbated existing economic problems. According to the UNHCR report, the forecasts for 2021 are not positive.
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