March 25, 2023

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The world was hit by a new earthquake in Haiti

A few hours after the big earthquake Who killed more than 300 peopleThe new 5.9 magnitude tremor occurred Haiti This Saturday night (14), the European Seismological Center for the Mediterranean (EMSC, its abbreviation in English) was informed.

The epicenter was reported below the epicenter, at 8 km (4.97 mi), according to the EMSC. Information about the victim is not yet available.

Earlier, a magnitude 7.2 earthquake shook the region and killed at least 300 people and left hundreds missing. The epicenter was reported below the Pacific Ocean floor, however; no tsunami alert was issued.

Prime Minister of Haiti, Ariel HenryA 30-day state of emergency was declared. Henry mourned the deaths and said in a statement that he had already gathered government evidence in support of the victims.

“My feelings to the relatives of the victims of this earthquake who lost human and material lives in various fields [equivalente a estados] Of the country, “Henry wrote.” I urge all Haitians to unite to face this dramatic situation in which we live, “the President continued.” Union strength. ”

7.2 magnitude earthquake shakes Haiti – Photo: Fernanda Carrafeel / Arte G1

The US Geological Survey (USGS) said the quake was felt in the Dominican Republic, Cuba and Jamaica.

US President Joe Biden has approved immediate assistance to Haiti and appointed Samantha Power, director of the US Agency for International Development (USAID).

The epicenter was reported below the Pacific Ocean floor, however; no tsunami alert was issued.

Video: Watch footage of Haiti’s earthquake devastation

Slightly larger than the 2010 earthquake, the magnitude 7.0 – 0.2 difference on the Richter scale – killed about 300,000 people and left 1.5 million homeless. Predictably, the current quake will not have the same impact as in 2010, with its epicenter 25 km closest to Port-au-Prince, the most populous city in Haiti.

However, images circulating on social networks show collapsed buildings, facades and marquees in some parts of the country. There are reports of destruction in at least two cities.

Haiti – Photo: Amanda Pius / G1

Political and humanitarian crisis

The quake struck Haiti during a strong political crisis, which was earlier Assassination of President Joanel Moss in July this year.

Moss wanted to promote a controversial constitutional reform after dissolving parliament and failing to hold assembly elections for more than a year.

After the assassination of the president by mercenaries, the interim government took control of the country until new elections were held.

America’s poorest country has a long history of dictatorships and conspiracies.

In recent months, with food shortages and rising rates of violence, Haiti has faced a growing humanitarian crisis.

The country’s per capita GDP is $ 1,600 a year (about R $ 8,500), and about 60% of the population lives on less than US $ 2 a day (just over R $ 10).

Haiti has a population of 11.3 million, bordering the Dominican Republic on the island of Hispaniola in the Caribbean, and has the lowest HDI (Human Development Index) in the world: 0.51.

Colonized in 1492, after the arrival of Christopher Columbus in the United States, Haiti was the first country on the continent to become independent and the first republic led by blacks, when French rule was overthrown in the early 19th century.

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