- Mariana Sanchez – rimariana_sanches
- BBC News in Washington from Brazil
The US government said on Friday (28/01) that “Brazil has a responsibility to uphold democratic principles and maintain law and order, and to strengthen this message to Russia on every occasion.”
The report was released in response to questions from the BBC News Brazil about the planned visit of Russian President Vladimir Putin to Brazilian President Jair Bolsanaro (PL) in February.
Bolsanaro confirmed the trip yesterday amid mounting military tensions on the Russia-Ukraine border.
“He [Putin] Yes it is conservative. I will be there next month, with good understandings, business relationships. The whole world is good for us, ”Bolzano told supporters in front of Palacio da Alvorata this Thursday, 1/27.
For months, the Russians had been stationing troops at strategic points near the Ukrainian border, demanding that Ukraine block NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization) entry.
On the other hand, the United States and members of the military alliance have pledged to assist Ukraine in supplying its weapons, and US President Joe Biden is preparing to send 8,500 troops to bases in the Baltic states if Moscow continues to move forward. Some war effort in the region.
Brazil is now a non-NATO US military ally – a title given to the country during the Donald Trump administration – and, last year, was approved by the United States as a global partner in the military alliance, which will expand even further. Brazilians have access to weapons and joint military training.
In addition, the country holds a temporary seat on the UN Security Council. Two weeks ago, US Secretary of State Anthony Blinken spoke by telephone with Brazilian Foreign Minister Carlos Franசாois, saying the US State Department had “shared priorities, including the need for a strong and united response to the new occupation.” Russians to Ukraine “.
Itamaraty confirmed in a note that Ukraine was part of the dialogue between the ministers, however, that the matter was far less important than what the Americans had given.
Although the matter was part of the conversation, the trip was not reported to the Americans by the Brazilians through diplomatic channels.
“We know because of public information (Bolsanaro’s trip to Russia),” a U.S. State Department spokesman told BBC News Brazil.
The U.S. government has said it is concerned about Russia’s role in the region’s instability in the region.
Asked what was on the agenda of Brazil’s talks with President Putin and whether he would position himself as a non – NATO ally in the conflict between Russia and its allies, the BBC reported only to Brazil. Approach Paliocio do Planalto.
Planaldo responded to the report with no details of the trip and did not comment on foreign ministry reports.
Personally, one of the Brazilian ambassadors told BBC News Brazil that the country is dealing with its interests in a “sovereign” way, “without asking any other country for recognition” and, historically, “speaks to everyone, agrees with everything without this meaning. The speaker does”.
Unlike the United States and China, Russia is not a major trading ally of Brazil (not even in the top ten partners).
Among Brazilian products, the Russians import soy, animal protein, sugar, coffee and tobacco. On the other hand, they export agricultural inputs such as fertilizers, potash and urea to Brazil.
In recent years, while increasing barriers to the protection of Brazilian products such as beef, they have shown interest in investing in infrastructure such as the Angra 3 nuclear power plant and port terminals.
Negotiations on bilateral trade agreements have not progressed satisfactorily, and at least on the Brazilian side, there is currently no expectation that such an agreement could be signed between the two countries.
In addition to generally speaking to supporters about improving “understandings” and “trade relations”, Bolsanaro quoted the Russian news processor Telegram. The network, one of the options for the Bolsanaro family to communicate with voters, has become the target of action by the High Electoral Court (TSE), which is concerned about the application’s potential for widespread misinformation. Unlike other sites, Telegram has no office in Brazil.
“It handles it, it handles the matter there,” Bolzano said when asked about the Telegram. “Here we see the cowardice they are trying to do with Brazil. Cowardice, right,” the president said against the restrictions imposed on the judge’s application.
Sympathy between Putin and Bolzano
The sympathy between Putin and Bolsanaro is not recent. In 2020, during a meeting of the BRICS summit, which included both countries, including China, India and South Africa, the Russian president said the Brazilian head of state had “excellent masculine qualities.”
“You displayed the best masculine qualities and determination. You left the solutions to your personal health problems first, based on the interests of your people and your country, and then sought solutions to all questions. An example for all of us to have a courageous relationship with fulfilling his duty and fulfilling his duties as head of state.” Putin said that managing Bolsanaro’s epidemic had generated international criticism of the Brazilians.
In December, shortly after the Brazilian president visited Russia, Putin invited Bolsanaro to visit the Kremlin. We are delighted to see the President of Brazil in Russia, “he told the Russian state agency Dass.” Brazil is “one of the most strategic countries in maintaining relations with Russia.” He also said.
“We are ready to turn this trip into an opportunity to improve our economy,” the president said in December last year.
Diplomats and foreign trade experts point out that the visit was a political attempt by Bolsanaro to have top international speakers for the domestic electorate.
For Putin, who accuses Americans of militarily accessing his borders, welcoming the president of Latin America’s largest country is an asset, while other Western nations are tightening their grip on him. Before the Brazilian, Putin will also receive Argentine President Alberto Fernandez in February.
Contrary to the wishes of the United States, Brazil has no opportunity to offer public or private advice to Putin. In 2014, when the Russians annexed what was then Ukrainian Crimea, Brazil, led by Dilma Rousseff at the time, completely avoided the conflict.
In 2015, Brazil joined the UN. The Security Council resolution became one of the proponents of 2022, which deals with the Minsk agreements to end the conflict between pro-Russian separatists in the eastern part of the country and the Ukrainian armed forces.
However, the agreements given for the withdrawal of heavy weapons and respect for the ceasefire were repeatedly violated.
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