March 27, 2023

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The election of Borik, the most-voted president in Chilean history, is reminiscent of a referendum on the end of Pinochet’s dictatorship.

Gabriel Borick, just 35 years old, became the youngest elected president of Chile in the 20th and 21st centuries this Sunday, surpassing the most optimistic expectations of the Chilean left. The most voted voters in the history of the country.

The runner-up in the first round never won the second round. Borik was able to defeat the votes in favor of the new constitution in the 2020 referendum.

As a result, the referendum marks the beginning of the end of the dictatorship of Augusto Pinochet (1973-1990).

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In a poll on the continuation of military rule, “yes” reached 44.01% and “no” 55.59%. In the words of Marta Lagos, a political analyst and director of Latinobarómetro, “In the second round, a dichotomy was established in the referendum, and the outcome remained the same.”

“This is not for fascism, the cast showed in the first phase of the campaign. The latter temperance is not credible,” Lagos said.

In the 2020 vote that led to the Constituent Assembly’s conference, about 7.5 million Chileans voted, with turnout exceeding 8 million yesterday, with the remaining 55% (in the first round, in November, it was 47%). No longer mandatory in 2012.

The left-wing candidate and former student leader has overturned opinion polls.

Between the first and second rounds, the turnout increased by about eight percentage points, indicating about one million voters. In the view of the majority of local analysts, the caste, for example, chose war as the voice of fear of opposing the legalization of same-sex marriage and abortion to represent the future of the country.

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Another important milestone was the Communist Party’s presence in the Borik coalition for the first time since the overthrow of the Socialist Salvador Allende in the 1973 coup. 2014 and 2018.

On his Twitter account, the far-right candidate was neat in defeat. He acknowledged the opponent’s victory and confirmed his involvement with the war “for his great victory.” “From today, he is the President of Chile and he deserves our respect and constructive cooperation. Chile has always been number one, ”Cast wrote.

In a telephone conversation with President Pinara, the President-elect said, “I will do everything I can to meet this great challenge.” In Chilean politics it is a tradition to tie the current president with the person who is elected president. “Everyone expects a lot from you, those who voted for you and those who did not,” Pinera, who supported Cast, told the war. Later, the president asked the elected official for “wisdom.”

First talk

Borick made his first speech after being elected to a rally of supporters in Santiago to celebrate his victory. He began his speech with greetings in Maputungu, the language of the Mapuche, known as “the place we call Chile”, and defended the independent press, human rights and women:

– I will be president of all Chile and all Chilean people. You will be the heroes of our government, “he said. One crowd chanted,” Justice, truth, and impunity.

Leaders of countries including Argentina, Ecuador and Uruguay congratulated the elected President of Chile. Brazilian President Jair Bolsanaro did not speak until last night, when Venezuelan Nicolas Maduro expressed his satisfaction by retweeting the ecstatic news at the end of the Chilean election. Former President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva hailed the war on his Twitter account and wrote, “For another victory of a progressive Democratic candidate in our Latin America, I am happy to create a better future for all.”

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Borick, who received more than 80% of the vote, was also the candidate with the most votes abroad. In Greater Santiago, the president-elect won in broad divisions, defeating Castell only in the upper-middle and upper-class environs.

In the first round, the 55-year-old Cast topped the polls with 27.9% of the vote and 25.8% of the vote.

After voting in the Punta Arenas area of ​​southern Chile, Borick said, “We are the new generation entering politics with clean hands, a loving heart, but a cool head.

Cast, who voted in rural Payne, where he lives on the outskirts of the capital, said he expected a “short” election and reiterated that election councils could define the outcome if candidates were asked to review it. Contrary to most polls released in recent weeks, the pro-war margin was close to 12 points.

Future Cabinet

It is unknown at this time what he will do after leaving the post. The demands of the Chilean community are broad and varied, and include economic recovery, security, inflation control, education and the public health system.

In the view of Guillermo Holmesman, a professor at the University of Valparaiso, “there are many doubts about the future of the cabinet and the involvement of every political figure.”

– Borik is 35 years old and has little experience. He has no experience running the country – Holmesman said.

According to the professor from Valparaiso, it is also important to monitor the opposition, which will be divided between the extreme right-wingers who lead Cast and those who support him, even the most moderate right-wing.

Borik will rule without a majority in the elected Congress in November, in which it was already expected that the right-wing opposition would continue to fight for the conservative agenda. The elected president called for “clean and dignified change.” The first gestures of Castin, who was personally responsible for Borik’s campaign, were positive.

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