December 4, 2022

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Scientists reconstruct the face of the first pregnant Egyptian mummy

Using 2D and 3D techniques, forensic scientists have reconstructed the face of the world’s first pregnant Egyptian mummy 2,000 years after her death. The mummy, known as “The Mysterious Lady”, was discovered during excavations in 1826 and transported from Egypt to Warsaw, Poland.

Researchers believe the girl died at 28 weeks of age. PregnancyAt the age of 20. Recently, it was discovered that he might be suffering from cancer. Scientists say this may be the first embalmed human specimen known to contain an unborn child.

BC Now experts have used her skull and other body parts to reveal what the woman looked like when she was alive in the first century.

“Our bones and skulls provide a lot of information, especially about a person’s face,” Chantal Milani, an Italian forensic anthropologist and member of the Warsaw Mummies Project, told the British tabloid Mirror.

“Although it is not considered an accurate portrait, the skull, like many other anatomical parts, is unique and shows the set of shapes and proportions that appear on the face when finished.”

The body of the “mystery lady” was found wrapped in cloth and with numerous amulets to accompany her to the afterlife.

According to a post on Facebook by the Warsaw Mummy Project, “The ritual of ‘mummification’ is an expression of care given to preserve a person for the afterlife.

“The face covering the bony structure follows different anatomical rules, so standard procedures can be used to reconstruct it, for example, to establish the shape of the nose”, explains Chantal.

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“The most important element is the reconstruction of the soft tissue thickness at various points on the surface of the facial bones. For this, we have statistical data from various populations around the world.”

Forensic artists

Forensic artist Hugh Morrison was one of the experts who worked on reconstructing the mummy’s face. Facial reconstruction is used primarily in forensics, he said, to help determine a body’s identity when more common methods of identification, such as fingerprint identification or DNA analysis, are inconclusive.

“Reconstructing a person’s face from a skull is often considered a last-ditch effort to establish who they are. It can also be used in archaeological and historical contexts to show what ancient people or famous people of the past might have looked like in life. .”

Dr. Archaeologist Wojciech Ejsmond of the Polish Academy of Sciences said ancient Egyptian mummies were viewed by many with “curiosity”.

“They forget that they are human beings living in a time with their own lives, loves and tragedies,” he said. “Preserving the image was very important to the ancient Egyptians to help the survival of the soul and identity. So, on the one hand, we say ‘rehumanize’ the scientific data, and on the other hand, don’t fulfill the wish of these people. Be anonymous and forgotten”.