In 2022, scientists recorded heat in different parts of the world. At the poles too, the situation is no different. This year’s record high temperatures have caused ice melt in both the Arctic and Antarctica.
read more: What are the effects of melting glaciers?
Extreme heat where cold should be
To you, -12.2ºC may seem unfathomably cold. However, this is the highest temperature ever recorded at the Concordia research station, 1,600 km from the South Pole. The reading was recorded in March 2022.
According to a report published by the magazine New Scientist, the “extreme” heat was caused by warm and moist air masses brought to the continent by atmospheric rivers. This has become more frequent in recent years.
Information from Catherine Walker, Woods Home Oceanographic Institution scholar. According to him, one of the explanations for this is human-caused global warming.
In Antarctica, scientists have recorded the smallest amount of sea ice on record. This reflects the warming of the oceans.
In fresh water, there was also molting. In March of this year, an ice block the size of New York City collapsed on the eastern side of Antarctica.
In the Arctic, relevant issues War between Russia and Ukraine It does not allow for deeper exploration of the North Pole. However, in other ways, the scientists discovered that the temperature of the region is increasing.
In September, Greenland had a record heat. The thermometer readings were caused by the hot, wet debris from Hurricane Fiona. The heat wave caused “billions of tons of ice caps” to melt New Scientist.
The trend for 2023 is not great. Yet according to the publication, the situation should be repeated next year.
What happens when the glaciers melt?
As we know, Earth lives in a delicate and balanced ecosystem. oh Global warming Glaciers continue to melt. As a result, people all over the world will face dire consequences.
Among them, perhaps the most important is the lack of fresh water. It is estimated that only 3% of the world’s water is fresh and the rest is salt. So, every little bit is precious. Water from rivers is wasted due to melting and flows into the sea.
Additionally, animal species that make glaciers their natural habitat may become extinct. Not to mention that melted snow can contain viruses and bacteria that can survive being frozen for years.
Finally, the melting of ice in the Arctic and Antarctic will lead to massive sea level rise. So, coastal cities – or even countries! – Fully submersible.
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