At a meeting that began in Great Britain on Friday (11), President Biden is expected to form a new alliance to compete with Beijing’s investment in infrastructure in developing countries.
US and its allies accuse China of forced labor and other human rights abuses in Xinjiang (Read more below).
At the meeting, G7 leaders will also pledge a new plan to prevent future epidemics.
Measures to reduce the time required to develop vaccines and treatments for Covit-19 to 100 days.
Video: Protesters with Biden and Boris Johnson floating in the G7
Analysis: US plan to oppose China
John Soupel, American editor of the BBC
Americans see Saturday’s G7 session as an opportunity to challenge the growth of Chinese influence around the world.
Beijing’s Silk Road initiative, which has poured billions of dollars into infrastructure projects in developing countries, is likely to be fought by Western democracies.
Top officials in the Biden government want to prove that Western values can prevail. Chinese investments come at a very high price and the allegations of forced labor by the Uyghur minority in Xinjiang are considered morally bad and economically unacceptable because they are an obstacle to fair competition.
Global supply chains, Joe Biden insists, should get rid of this working system. U.S. officials say this is not only about confronting China, but also about presenting a positive alternative to the world.
But the Biden administration is unclear on how and how many rich countries in the West can contribute to this global infrastructure project, and at what time.
What is clear is the renewed commitment among the Western powers that they must now act to have a resurgence and an increasingly powerful China.
What have Western powers done so far about China?
Restrictions, including travel bans and property freezes, targeted senior officials in Xinjiang who have been accused of gross human rights abuses against the Uyghur Muslim population.
It is estimated that more than one million Uyghurs and other minorities are being held in camps in the northwestern province.
The Chinese government has been accused of forcibly sterilizing Uyghur women and separating children from their families.
The BBC investigation, released in February, was the first evidence of formal rape, sexual abuse and torture of prisoners.
China responded with its own sanctions on European officials.
What is the G7’s plan for Govt-19?
Leaders will release the Corbis Bay Declaration on Saturday. The aim is to prevent the recurrence of human and economic catastrophes caused by Govt-19.
Worldwide, more than 175 million people have been affected by the disease since the outbreak, and more than 3.7 million cow-related deaths have been reported, according to Johns Hopkins University in the United States.
The G7 report describes a series of steps, including:
- Reduced time required to develop and license vaccines, treatments and diagnoses for any future disease within 100 days
- Strengthening the capabilities of global surveillance networks and genetic sequencing
- Support for World Health Organization (WHO) reform and strengthening
This report is expected to incorporate the recommendations of the panel of international experts from industry, government and scientific organizations.
UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres and World Health Organization Director Dr. Tetros Caprais will also attend the session on Saturday. Dr. Tetros stressed that “the world needs a strong global monitoring system to detect new epidemics and epidemics.”