March 27, 2023

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G20 discusses goal of controlling temperature rise to 1.5 ° C, but does not specify a date for carbon neutralization | Environment

The G20, the leaders of the planet’s 20 major economies, debated in Rome this Sunday (31) on measures to control climate change. According to sources linked to AFP, AP and Reuters, the group has agreed to control global warming to 1.5ºC and suspend public funding for new coal-fired power plants.

The goal is to control temperature rise in this century Levels “below 2 C” were agreed in the Paris Agreement in 2015. Now, G20 leaders are returning to the goal, but they have not said when it will be achieved. According to the AFP and AP, the deal says only “mid-century”.

Understand the Paris Agreement

On the other hand, although some G20 powers, such as China and India, still rely on coal for power generation, the group supported the suspension of subsidies for new projects of coal-fired plants abroad this year.

“We will stop providing international public funding for new coal plants by the end of 2021,” he said in a speech delivered during the G20 summit hosted by the AFP.

However, the document did not set a date for the disposal of coal energy in the world, promising to do so “as soon as possible”.

“The G20 must make a special commitment to stop the construction of new coal – fired plants starting this year and to stop the fossil fuel subsidy starting in 2025,” said Friederike Röder, vice president of NGO Global Citize.

The G20 countries, which include Brazil, China, India, Germany, the United Kingdom and the United States, are responsible for 80% of global greenhouse gas emissions.

In Brazil, unlike the great powers, the great villain of the climate is not the burning of coal, but rather deforestation and animal husbandry.

Zero carbon emissions

Increase emissions of gases that intensify the greenhouse effect

Increase emissions of gases that intensify the greenhouse effect

Efforts to achieve carbon neutrality were another topic acknowledged on Sunday.

In 2019, the EU will have zero equilibrium of CO2 emissions by 2050. However, the G20 final document states that national plans on how to reduce carbon emissions will be strengthened “if necessary” and make no specific reference to it. 2050 as the year to achieve net zero carbon emissions. This information is from Reuters.

This year, United Nations climate experts warned that the goal of controlling the Earth’s temperature to 1.5 degrees Celsius must be achieved to avoid dramatic acceleration of extreme weather events such as droughts, storms and floods. To this end, the UN Climate Change Committee has recommended that net zero emissions be achieved by 2050.

The G20 has not set a date for the gradual cessation of subsidies for other fossil fuels in pursuit of clean energy, which, according to Reuters, will try to do so “in the medium term”.

The two-day G20 summit helps lay the groundwork United Nations Climate Conference, COP 26, Started this Sunday in Glasgow, Scotland.

“If the G20 was a costume rehearsal for COP26, world leaders would have made a mistake,” Greenpeace director general Jennifer Morgan told AFP, adding that the leaders “did not face the challenge.”

About 190 countries around the world are participating in COP 26, which runs until November 12.

After the last G20 summit scheduled for 4pm this Sunday, most G20 leaders are expected to leave for Glasgow.