A China This Friday (20) became law, a restriction allowing couples to have up to three children in an effort to boost declining population growth since 2017.
The move was announced in May this year, but has now been enacted into law.
In the 1970s, China adopted the policy of one child per couple, trying to control the high birth rate at that time. In 2016 the country abandoned that policy and instead changed the limit to two children, but that was not enough for an increase in the birth rate.
China is systematically reviewing legislation that allows couples to have up to three children
The cost of raising children in cities has encouraged many Chinese couples.
Although the one-child policy was relaxed in 2016, the birth rate in the country has been declining since 2017. Demographic experts warn that China may record the same phenomenon as Japan and South Korea, which are more affected by the elderly compared to the number of young people and workers.
This rate dropped to 10.48 per thousand people in 2019, the lowest level since the founding of Communist China in 1949. There were 14.65 million births.
By 2020, the year marked by the onset of the new corona virus infection, the number of births will have dropped to another 12 million.
China’s population will reach 1.411 billion in 2020, according to the results of its census, conducted every 10 years. According to the National Bureau of Statistics, China’s population has increased by 5.38% (72 million people) compared to the 2010 census.
The Chinese population has had the smallest growth in decades in the last 10 years, and India will soon surpass the population.
China predicts that the population growth curve will peak in 2027, when India is expected to surpass it and become the world’s most populous country.
China’s population is projected to reach 1.32 billion by 2050.
On the other hand, India has a population of 1.38 billion and its population is growing at an average of 1% per year, according to a study released by the government last year.
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