Al-Qaeda was organized as an organization with various departments, and Zawahiri was responsible for the following areas:
- ideological background, tactics and organizational skills;
- the first suicide bombings and the leadership and coordination of independent cells that became the hallmark of the terrorist network;
- along with other leaders, coordinated the September 11, 2001, attacks in the United States;
- In 2000, planning an attack on the USS Cole stationed in Yemen that killed 17 soldiers.
In addition, in 1998, al-Zawahiri was accused in the United States of participating in the bombings of American embassies in Kenya and Tanzania, in which 224 people were killed.
Al-Qaeda leader born Egypt He was a physician and surgeon by training. He He has led the terrorist network since Bin Laden was killed in 2011.
He started getting involved in political movements of a religious nature at the age of 15.
US claims to have killed al-Qaeda leader al-Zawahiri in Afghanistan
Al-Zawahiri came from a middle-class family in Egypt. His father was a professor of pharmacology, and his maternal grandfather was president of Cairo University and founder of a university in Saudi Arabia.
As a teenager, al-Zawahiri began reading the writings of a radical Islamic writer, Sayyid Qutb. For this writer, the world is divided between believers and infidels (even moderate Muslims are infidels).
The first militant group Al-Zawahiri participated in as a teenager started with five members. He formed a cell to overthrow the government of his secular country, Egypt.
He studied medicine at Cairo University, where he continued to be involved in covert operations. The group he was associated with was called Al Jihad and supported the idea that true Islam was not practiced in Egypt (at the time, the dictatorship led by Gamal Abdel Nasser) did not follow Islamic laws and expelled believers of salvation. . The solution for them is to act.
The Egyptian met his wife in the late 1970s. According to Al-Qaeda historian Lawrence Wright, al-Zawahiri only saw her face once when they were married. The woman died in October 2001.
He met Bin Laden in the 1980s
Osama bin Laden and Ayman al-Zawahiri pose for a photo in a picture released on November 10, 2001 — Photo: Hamid Mir/Journal Dawn/via Reuters
In 1981, the then president of Egypt, Anwar Sadat, was assassinated in Cairo. He signed a peace treaty with Israel, which the Egyptian extremists did not accept. The killers were soldiers associated with Al Jihad.
Sadat’s successor, Hosni Mubarak, took steps to build up the extremists, and al-Zawahiri was eventually arrested on charges of arms smuggling. Tortured he named an accomplice.
Al-Qaeda’s future leader was released from prison in 1984 and moved from Egypt to Pakistan. There, in 1988, he met Osama bin Laden.
Unlike al-Awahiri, who aimed to impose an Islamic government in Egypt, Bin Laden began a plan to unite Islamic militias to fight the Soviets who were occupying Afghanistan at the time. Indeed, the Afghans were able to drive out the Soviet forces.
Bin Laden’s view that jihad should go beyond the borders of his own countries changed Zawahiri’s view of terrorism.
In the early 1990s, al-Jihad carried out several attacks in Egypt: it attempted to kill a minister and the prime minister. The group failed on both counts, and frustrated members called for renewed leadership. It was at this moment that Zawahiri became the leader.
In 1998, Zawahri wrote a document that aimed to unify extremist groups not only in the Middle East, but around the world, ready to attack Americans.
In 2001, there was a union: Zawahiri’s group, Egyptian Islamic Jihad, officially became part of bin Laden’s al-Qaeda.
Al-Qaeda: ‘Terrorist International’
Bin Laden belonged to a Saudi Arabian business family. Al-Qaeda was therefore organized as an organization with specific sectors with specific goals.
According to American writer Lawrence Wright, it is a “terrorist multinational”.
Although he is not considered as charismatic a leader as Osama bin Laden, al-Zawahiri is not considered an al-Qaeda intellectual boss.
After Bin Laden’s death in 2011Al-Zawahiri released a nearly 30-minute video.
Al-Qaeda then lost ground to a new group of extremists in the region: the Islamic State, which began to attract people who wanted to join the jihad.
One of al-Zawahiri’s daughters married Hamza bin Laden, one of Osama’s sons.
Hamza was killed in action in Afghanistan.
Death of al-Zawahiri in Kabul
According to US officials, al-Zawahiri was killed in a CIA drone strike in Kabul on July 30, 2022.
US President Joe Biden delivers a speech at the White House “Justice has been served,” he said.. “For decades [al-Zawahiri] He was a mentor against Americans,” Biden said.[Ele deixou uma] A trail of murders and violence against American citizens.”
when US troops withdraw from Afghanistan, in August 2021, Biden administration officials said they would maintain an offensive capability. The attack on al-Zawahiri was the first known counter-terror attack since US troops left the country.
Biden announced that the US had killed al-Qaeda leader Ayman al-Zawahiri
Videos: Most Viewed on g1
“Music geek. Coffee lover. Devoted food scholar. Web buff. Passionate internet guru.”