This week, the Human Rights Committee UN Accused France Naima discriminated against Masood by banning her from attending a public school and wearing the hijab, an Islamic headscarf that covers her hair. This case happened in 2010.
At that time, Mezhud, a 35-year-old Frenchman, enrolled in an administrative assistant course offered by a nearby institution. Paris It is illegal for teenagers to wear the hijab there. When she arrived the school principal stopped her from entering the place.
In an official document, the group alleged that this approach violated Articles 18 and 26 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. The text declares that “freedom of expression of religion includes the use of distinctive clothing or headgear, and therefore the prohibition imposed on the teacher constitutes a restriction on the exercise of his right to freedom of religious expression.”
The potential ramifications of the decision are still unclear. However, Nicolas Hervieu, a human rights expert at the Institute for Political Studies in Paris, believes that France is unlikely to comply with the court’s decision, given legal precedents.
This is because decisions made by an independent body of experts overseeing compliance with the International Convention on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) are not binding. However, according to the treaty’s optional protocol, France has an international obligation to comply with them “in good faith”.
Even so, Mesut’s lawyer sees the UN advice as a step forward. “This is an important decision that shows what France is trying to do when it comes to human rights and, in particular, respect for religious minorities and, in particular, the Muslim community,” Seffen Guz Guz said.
This is not the first time the UN has condemned France for Islamophobia. In 2018, the group revealed itself in 2012 after two French women complained that they were punished for wearing the niqab, another type of veil worn by Muslim women.
At the time, the group said the ban disproportionately undermined the right of followers of Islam to express their religious beliefs. For them, attitudes can lead to them being confined and ostracized at home.
In the event, the committee gave the French government 180 days to account for its actions and recommended compensation for the women, but the French did not comment.
France is home to a large Muslim minority, and over the years the country has enacted laws designed to protect its strict secularism, known as laissez-faire, which the president Emmanuel Macron He said he was under threat from radical Islam.
In 2004, France banned school-age youth from wearing the hijab and other visible religious symbols in public schools. Six years later, in 2010, the country passed a law that “no one may wear in public any garment designed to cover the face” – precisely affecting those who wear veils such as the niqab.
However, the Covid-19 pandemic has brought this issue under control. Because in 2020, France introduced the mandatory use of masks to prevent the spread of the new coronavirus.
A 2019 report by the Collective Against Islamophobia in France revealed that 70% of Muslims who are victims of religious discrimination are women. In 2020, the French government forced the organization to close its doors.
The hijab worn by followers of Islam is a cultural and religious symbol that exists in many versions and, most of the time, is used according to the wishes of each woman. Only the use of robes is prescribed desireat Saudi Arabia and areas Afghanistan From this Pakistan Occupied The Taliban.
Although social pressure has led many Muslim women to wear it in other parts of the planet, its use is not imposed by religion.
Islam’s holy book, the Qur’an, only instructs followers of Islam to practice Islamic modesty by covering their hair, ears and neck. For men, beards and turbans are the way to follow these guidelines.
In the Holy Book, the word used to describe the veil is “hajaba”, which means “covering” or “taking out of sight” – hence the generic term “hijab” – and does not exactly define what the subjunctive is supposed to mean. such as Thus, there are many versions of dresses that differ in colors and patterns.
Islamophobia has grown in recent years, particularly after the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks America, gave a new meaning to the scarf. In addition to cultural and religious expressions, the veil has become a symbol of resistance.
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